Below is a table of various poetic devices and their meanings. Over the past year I’ve done articles on individual ones, but here are I am putting them all together in one post. These are just some of them.
|Assonance||Rhyming of the same |
|Leaves blew in the breeze|
|Alliteration||The occurrence of the same letter or |
sound at the beginning of adjacent
or closely connected words.
|Sweet singing doves|
|Metaphor||This is where an object in, or the subject of, |
a poem is described as being the same
as another otherwise unrelated object.
|The sand is a warm blanket|
|Simile||A figure of speech involving the comparison of one thing with another thing of a different kind. It’s used to make a description more vivid.||As fast as a cheetah.|
|Personification||Giving an inanimate object human characteristics.||The moon smiled back.|
|Imagery||Used in poetry, novels, or other writing that uses|
vivid description that appeals to the readers’ senses. This creates an image or idea in their head.
|The leaves sounded like clapping hands.|
|Allusion||An expression intended to |
call something to mind
without mentioning it specifically. It’s a hint
|Chocolate is his kryptonite. |
Superman is alluded to but not mentioned.
|Hyperbole||Exaggerated statements or not meant |
to be taken literally
|I am so hungry I could eat a whole side of beef.|
|Allegory||A story, poem, or picture that can be interpreted|
to reveal a hidden meaning,
like a moral or political moral.
|Animal Farm by George Orwell is an example of an allegory.|
|Consonance||The repetition of consonant sounds within|
a line of text.
|The boss had a loss.|
Molly remained jolly.
|Repetition||The act of repeating something that has already been said. Used to create effect.||Time after time.|
Over and over.
|Enjambment||The continuation of a sentence or phrase from one line of poetry to the next.||Birds fly|
|Meter||In poetry, meter is the basic rhythmic structure of a verse||iambic pentameter|
(More on these in another post)