Posted in Poetry

Types of Poems

Here are a few types of poems I thought you might be interested in. There are more, but I went with some common types that people enjoy writing more often. They range in difficulty. For more information about each, you can go to

TypeDefinition# of Lines# Syllables
Per line
Rhyme Scheme
HaikuAn ancient form of
Japanese poetry.
Small in size
3 linesline one has 5
line two has 7
line three has 5
LimerickAre funny and
sometimes rude.
They have a set rhyme.
The subject is a short, pithy
tale or description
5 linesnoneAABBA
SonnetA poem expressing a single,
complete thought, idea
or sentiment. There are two types: Petrarchan and
14 lines10
(Iambic Pentameter)
Petrarchan Sonnet: ABBA, ABBA, CDECDE

Shakespearean Sonnet:
Free VerseA popular style of modern
poetry. It has a great amount of freedom when it comes to number of lines, cadence, and rhyme (if any)
VillanelleA short poem of fixed form, written in tercets, usually five in number followed by a quatrain.19 linesvariesABA for the first 5 tercets. Line 1 from the first tercet gets repeated in line 3 of tercets 2 and 4. Line 3 from tercet 1 gets repeated in line 3 of tercets 3 and 5. In the stanza 6 (the quatrain at the end), lines 3 and 4 are lines 1 and 3 from the first tercet in order).
Blank VersePoetry written with a precise meter, often in iambic pentameter but doesn’t rhyme.varies10 (Iambic pentameter)none
SestinaA poem of six six-line stanzas and a three-line envoy, originally without rhyme, in which each stanza repeats the end words of the lines of the first stanza, but in a different order, the envoy using the six words again, three in the middle of the lines and three at the end.39 linesIambic pentameter is optional. Otherwise there is none.Line 1: ABCDEF
Line 2: FAEBDC
Line 3: CFDABE
Line 4: ECBFAD
Line 5: DEACFB
Line 6: BDFECA
TankaA Japanese poem that means “short poem”5 lineslines 1 and 3 have 5 syllables. All other lines have 7 syllables.none
Posted in Poetry

The Sonnet

A true sonnet contains the following:

  1. 14 lines
  2. Each line is written in iambic pentameter. This means that there are 5 feet per line. In each foot there is one unstressed and one stressed syllable for a total of 10 syllables. If your sonnet has only 9 syllables in one or more lines, it is NOT in true sonnet form.
  3. A rhyme scheme. Choose from one of many rhyme schemes and stick to that rhyme scheme throughout your sonnet. (See my post from July 22, 2022 entitled Rhyme Schemes)

I once read a poem by someone who said it was a sonnet. Well, at least five of the 14 lines had only 9 syllables, so it wasn’t written in iambic pentameter, and it didn’t follow a rhyme scheme.

People complemented the writer of the poem by telling that person how great a sonnet it was. Well, it wasn’t a sonnet. It was a beautiful poem with lots of meaning, but it wasn’t a sonnet.

Sonnets can be tricky to write, and they take time, given everything that goes into them. What I do is get the iambic beat in my head as I’m writing a sonnet. This beat goes something like this:

Line 1: ta da’ ta da’ ta da’ ta da’ ta da’

In the above line 1 example, each ta da’ is a foot. Notice there are only 5 of them, no more no less. The tick mark after each da’ means that the accent is placed on that syllable. Here is another way to look at it. Let’s put some actual words to the Line 1 example above. Each word or part of a word that is in all caps is the syllable that receives the stress.

Line 1: When SNOW has COME and LINgered FOR a TIME,

Make sure your lines follow a rhyme scheme.

Rhyme Scheme Examples:

Petrarchan: also know as Italian. abba abba cde cde OR abba abba cdc dcd

Here is how it will look in line form:
Line 1: a
Line 2: b
Line 3: b
Line 4: a

In other words, Line 4 will have the same end rhyme as Line 1. And Line 3 will have the same end rhyme as Line 2. For Lines 5, 6, 7, and 8, you would follow the same rhyme as you have for Lines 1, 2, 3, and 4. Again, for my article on rhyme schemes, see my post entitled Rhyme Schemes dated July 22, 2022.

Take your time and don’t rush when writing a sonnet. When you’re finished with it, go through each line again by reading it and counting the syllables to make sure you have 10. Also, make sure you have 14 lines and follow a rhyme scheme. For more information on writing sonnets, click the link below.

Posted in Poetry

To Choose by L. M. Montes

I stand before a hall with many gateways,
deciding which to choose grips hold my mind,
waiting to pounce life’s lioness awaits,
or could it be the love of one so kind.
Decisions rock on waves so vast and fraught,
just open one and peer inside to see,
so in I walk without thinking or thought,
’twas a lioness charging after me.
I spun to run the door it laughed and shut,
revealing darkness shadows playing and such,
a light beamed round a corner calling out,
so I followed but found the light of doubt.
perhaps if I had thought decisions through,
I would have gained a love so great and true.

Posted in Poetry

Morning by L. M. Montes

Mist arises from a grave unknown here,
tickling my mind so curiously,
then winds of thought spread far yet hovers near,
covering beauteous scents tapping me.
The sun lifts high and pulls the mist away,
and now grass sparkles on the brink of day,
flowers spotted diamonds of morn’s soft dew
are natures way of mixing its perfume.
A tiny cold nips at the finger tips,
while the sun prickles with warming tickles,
and the ocean of skies set forth the dyes
of bluish color hues as if on cue.
But alas a cloud of gray comes rushing
with storm winds pelting and rains a gushing.